Aggregates in Ash allow for retrieving summary information over groups of related data. A simple example might be to show the “count of published posts for a user”. Aggregates allow us quick and performant access to this data, in a way that supports being filtered/sorted on automatically. More aggregate types can be added, but you will be restricted to only the supported types. In cases where aggregates don’t suffice, use Calculations , which are intended to be much more flexible.
aggregates do count :count_of_posts, :posts do filter expr(published == true) end end
The available aggregate types are:
count- counts related items meeting the criteria
first- gets the first related value matching the criteria. Must specify the
sum- sums the related items meeting the criteria. Must specify the
list- lists the related values. Must specify the
See the docs on resource.aggregates for more information.
The aggregates declared on a resource allow for declaring a set of named aggregates that can be used by extensions.
As an escape hatch, they can also be loaded in the query using
Ash.Query.load/2, or after the fact using
c:Ash.Api.load/3. Aggregates declared on the resource will be keys in the resource’s struct.
Custom aggregates can be added to the query and will be placed in the
aggregates key of the results. This is an escape hatch, and is not the primary way that you should be using aggregates. It does, however, allow for dynamism, i.e if you are accepting user input that determines what the filter and/or field should be, that kind of thing.
User |> Ash.Query.new() |> Ash.Query.aggregate(:count_of_posts, :count, :posts, filter: [published: published?])
See the documentation for
Ash.Query.aggregate/4 for more information.